A Look Inside: OSHA Crane Inspection Requirements

Construction workers average 1 in 5 work-related fatalities. The #1 OSHA violation is fall protection for the construction industry.

Crane inspections are a preventative measure to lower the risk of accidents. This article offers a quick and comprehensive guide to OSHA crane inspection requirements.

Keep reading to learn more about what you need to know.

Crane Inspection Procedures

Cranes are covered under OSHA standard 1910.179- overhead and gantry cranes. The crane inspection requirements are outlined in 1910.179 (j) through (j)(4)(iii). 

OSHA requires three different inspection types:

  • Initial inspection: before operating new or altered cranes
  • Frequent inspection: daily, weekly, and monthly intervals
  • Periodic inspection: monthly, semi-annual, quarterly, and annual intervals

Inspection intervals depend on the crane’s critical components. They’re also based on exposure to “wear, deterioration, and malfunction.”

Exposure includes factors like the rate of use and environmental effects. The higher the exposure, the higher the rate of inspections.

Types of Cranes

OSHA defines cranes based on their function and mode of operation. These include:

  • Automatic crane
  • Cab-operated crane
  • Overhead crane
  • Power-operated crane
  • Remote-operated crane
  • Gantry crane

The type can affect your crane inspection checklist. For example, frequent inspections require checking air or hydraulic systems parts daily, which applies to power-operated cranes.

Overhead crane inspections also include rated load-bearing tests.

OSHA Crane Inspection Requirements

All inspectors must meet OSHA standards. This can include any applicable industry and state standards.

For example, the Crane Manufacturers Association of America has industry standards for crane inspectors that include:

  • Formal training
  • Knowledge of state codes
  • 2,000 hours of direct experience

Some states will set their own additional standards.

1. Frequent Crane Inspection Checklist

OSHA requires a frequent inspection for each operational shift the crane is in use. The inspection must be performed by a competent person, begin before the shift, and conclude before the shift is over.

These components are part of daily inspection:

  • Operating mechanisms
  • Air or hydraulic system parts such as lines, tanks, valves, and drain pumps
  • Hooks
  • Hoist chains
  • Rope reeving

In addition to daily inspections, hooks and hoist chains must undergo a monthly inspection with a certification record entry that includes the date, inspector signature, and part identifier.

2. Periodic Crane Inspection Checklist

Periodic inspections are scheduled in advance at specified intervals. A periodic inspection includes the frequency checklist and:

  • Members, bolts, and rivets
  • Sheaves and drums
  • Brake system parts
  • Load, wind, and other indicators 
  • Gasoline, diesel, electric, or other powerplants 
  • Chain drive sprockets and chains
  • Electrical apparatus 

Cranes on stand-by will have a frequent inspection semi-annually. For example, a crane idle for over a month but less than six months will undergo a routine inspection, while a crane will have periodic inspections over six months.

Finding the Best Crane Inspection Near Me

Meeting OSHA crane inspection requirements is one of the best ways to prevent workplace accidents. Lax standards are illegal, dangerous, and costly.

If you’re searching for certified and licensed inspectors, Kor-Pak Corporation is dedicated to the highest workplace safety standards. We’re customer-orientated and results-driven.

Connect with us to learn more about our wide range of services, including overhead crane inspection and construction equipment repair.

Posted in Industrial Equipment.