When it comes to operating factories, machines, vehicles, and even homes, the typical fuels used are gas and oil. In 2019, it was estimated that the world held 1,733.9 billion barrels of oil reserves, according to Discover Magazine. Finding this oil requires specialized equipment and exploration work to bring it up to the surface for processing. Oil rig equipment helps to extract the oil and petroleum from the land as well as from the sea.
Technology in the oil equipment industry has evolved for the exploration and drilling of oil to minimize damage to the ecosystem and prevent oil leaks that can harm the environment. From global positioning systems to remote sensing devices, these technologies are designed to help discover the possible location of oil reserves so that fewer exploratory wells are drilled. Check out our brief guide regarding some of the oil rig equipment used in this industry.
An essential structure on an oil rig is the mast. The mast, also called a derrick, holds and lifts the components used in the drilling operation. It acts as a lifting device for the drill string, such as the drill pipes and other accessories.
The drill string refers to all the drill pipes, the bottom hole assembly, and all the other components used in the operation of the drill bit that will tun at the wellbore’s bottom. The drill string comprises the drill pipe, drill collars, drill jars, stabilizers, heavyweight drill pipe, and other tools.
The rotary table is a section of the drill floor that rotates or spins. It provides power to the drill string and the bit as it moves in a clockwise rotation. The rotary table’s power is transmitted through the kelly bushing, as the entire rig is sometimes called a kelly drive rig. The rotary table may be used for primary power or backup power.
The top drive consists of a motor that is suspended at the top of the mast. The motor turns the drill string as an alternative to the rotary table and may be used in special circumstances. The top drive assists with the bore head drilling process.
The mud pump is a reciprocating pump that circulates the drilling fluid (drilling mud) downhole along the drilling string and back up to the surface through the annulus, the space between the casing and wellbore or casing and tubing. This fluid circulation is at extremely high pressures.
Shale shakers are fluid separation systems that remove the large solids (cuttings) from the drilling fluid. Shale shakers help reduce drilling costs and make operations efficient while ensuring the drilling fluid circulates to keep the drill bit cool.
Many other oil rig technologies and equipment are used—ensuring that the equipment functions correctly and that replacement parts are available in case of breakage, allows an oil rig to function optimally when extracting petroleum and oil from the earth’s depths. Here at Kor-Pak, we offer oil rig equipment. Contact us for more information.