The Basics of Oil Rig Drilling Equipment

The oil and gas industry might be considered the backbone of America’s economy. With production going back to the mid-1800s, oil is an absolute necessity for this country. Since 2017 American oil companies have produced and refined over 571 million metric tons of oil.

The oil industry employs thousands of people, making it one of the most lucrative jobs in the country. Oil rigs are complicated. Keep reading to find out how most rigs work and what kind of parts make them up.

From the Top Down

First things first: getting to know your rig is essential. As such, knowing every inch of it from the mast to the mud tanks is the first step. There are several major components for every rig.

Crown Block

This collection of pulleys is located at the very top of a rig. These pulleys maneuver the heavy drilling equipment further down the rig. They will be mounted to the platform, keeping them stable throughout the drilling process.

Top Drive

A top drive will help decrease the manual labor that goes into oil drilling. The motor will turn the string which controls the drill. This replaces a Kelly or rotary table some older rigs are outfitted with.


For the people running the drill, a doghouse is a place where they can stay undercover to observe the drilling processes. It can be used as an onshore office or for offshore drilling it keeps the electronics safe from the elements.

Drill Pipe

This part will encase the drill bit and help revolve the bit as it goes deep into the ground. It will also circulate the drill fluids, preventing the part from overheating.

Drill Bit

Possibly the most essential part of every rig, the drill bit, will bite into the shale or gravel the rig is placed over, bringing you closer to oil. Drilling the wellbore is an essential step of the oil production business. Making sure your bit is reliable and of high-quality metal will ensure the process goes smoothly.

Shale Shakers

Oil drilling is a messy business. There will be a lot of material you need to sift through. Shale shakers are a collection of sieves and screens that will help remove unwanted grime from the well.

The Mast

This part is where most of the pulleys and strings are located. It’s the tallest part of every drill. You’ll be able to position the strings with the mast, ensuring your best ground penetration.

Mud Tanks

When a well begins to fill with excess fluids, it’s necessary to store them safely out of the way. Mud tanks are steel tubes and plates that keep those drilling detritus safe.

Know the Oil Rig Inside and Out

There are a lot of moving parts that go with an oil rig. Knowing what each one does will ensure you’re able to keep an eye on your rig better.

If you notice some parts are beginning to wear out though, it may be time to get some replacements. When you do, be sure to contact us. Our high grade, industrial parts will keep your production business running smoothly.

Posted in Industrial Equipment.